Frequently Asked Questions

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What are testicles?

Testicles are male sex organs located in the scrotum. They are responsible for the production of sperm and the male hormone testosterone.

How do I know if I have testicular cancer? What are the signs of testicular cancer?
In some instances the only sign is a lump in one of the testicles. Other symptoms include lower abdominal ache, testicular ache, breast tenderness, groin heaviness, and testicular fullness.

What causes testicular cancer?
The causes are unclear. One of the more common related factors is an undescended testicle.

Who can get testicular cancer?
Any male is at risk, especially those between the ages of 15-35.

What is a testicular self-examination and why is it important?
It is a method for men to check their testicles to make sure there are not any unusual lumps, which may be the first sign of testicular cancer.

What do I do and where do I go if I suspect a problem?
Either make an appointment with your doctor or tell your parents so they can make one for you.

What is the treatment for testicular cancer?
Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, surgery is the main treatment, but chemotherapy and radiation therapy are sometimes necessary.

How long does the treatment typically last?
Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, the treatment could take days to months.

What are the survival rates?
When diagnosed early, testicular cancer has a cure rate that approaches 100 percent. Even when it is in advanced stages, effective treatments are available.

How will having testicular cancer affect my lifestyle?
Being diagnosed with any cancer changes a personís life, but most men diagnosed with testicular cancer lead long and normal lives.

Will I be able to have sex after testicular cancer?
Having testicular cancer does not affect your ability to have normal sexual function.

Can I have children after testicular cancer?
It is common for testicular cancer patients to maintain fertility after treatment. However, permanently low sperm count is a possible side effect of the treatment. As a precautionary measure, you are often asked to sperm-bank (see below) before treatment.

What is sperm-banking?
Sperm-banking is the practice of storing sperm, which allows the sperm to be used later, in case the treatments affect your ability to make healthy sperm.

What are the chances of recurrence of testicular cancer?
Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer diagnosed, the chances of recurrence are low.

Does having testicular cancer make me more susceptible to other forms of cancer?
There are many factors involved in knowing whether you are predisposed to additional onsets of cancer, including genetic predisposition and the type of treatment needed. This is an issue you should discuss with your doctor.

Once I have had testicular cancer, does my life expectancy decrease?
Life expectancy is a complex issue involving many factors. This is an issue you should discuss with your doctor.

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